2014 Eclipses

2014 Eclipses
Only four (4) eclipses take place in 2014; two (2) LUNAR and two (2) SOLAR. To give you a feel for the orbital mechanics involved, you will notice that the lunar eclipses precede the solar eclipses each by a couple weeks. This is similar to the October 18 lunar eclipse/November 3rd solar eclipse in 2013. That means that when you see a lunar eclipse of any sort during Full Moon there’s a decent chance that a couple weeks later as the Moon enters New Moon phase, that alignment will bear a solar eclipse of some sort. If not, then a very near miss. So let’s take a look at the 2014 eclipses that we can look forward to.

*** April 15, 2014 – TOTAL LUNAR ECLIPSE http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OHfigures/OH2014-Fig01.pdf
VISIBILITY – All of the Americas.
Penumbral Eclipse Begins: 04:53 UTC
Partial Eclipse Begins: 05:58 UTC
Total Eclipse Begins: 07:06 UTC
Greatest Eclipse: 07:45 UTC
Total Eclipse Ends: 08:24 UTC
Partial Eclipse Ends: 09:33 UTC
Penumbral Eclipse Ends: 10:37 UTC
Observers in the Western Pacific will at best catch a penumbral or partial Lunar Eclipse due to the eclipse taking place before or at Moonrise. Conversely, observers in Europe and Africa will see the same because the Moon will be setting as the event begins. The eclipse will not be visible at all from North East Europe, Eastern Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia.
The two (2) Lunar Eclipses this year also begin what’s called “Tetrads” which is four (4) consecutive Total Lunar Eclipses. There are eight (8) Tetrads in the 21st century this one (2014/2015) is the second in the series with the next series beginning in 2032. http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OHtables/OH2014-Tab06.pdf

**April 29, 2014 – ANNULAR SOLAR ECLIPSE (Ring of Fire) (Saros 148-21) http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OHfigures/OH2014-Fig02.pdf
VISIBILITY – Antarctica & Australia
Description by NASA/GSFC:
The first solar eclipse of 2014 occurs at the Moon’s descending node in southern Aries. This particular eclipse is rather unusual because the central axis of the Moon’s antumbral shadow misses Earth entirely while the shadow edge grazes the planet. Classified as a non-central annular eclipse, such events are rare. Out of the 3,956 annular eclipses occurring during the 5,000-year period -2000 to +3000, only 68 of them or 1.7% are non-central (Espenak and Meeus, 2006).
The northern edge of the antumbral shadow first touches down in Antarctica at 05:57:35 UT. The instant of greatest eclipse occurs just six minutes later at 06:03:25 UT. For an observer at the geographic coordinates nearest the shadow axis (131° 15.6′ E, 79° 38.7′ S), the Sun would appear on the horizon during the 49-second annular phase. Six minutes later (06:09:36 UT), the antumbral shadow lifts off the surface of Earth as the annular eclipse ends. The entire zone of annularity appears as a small D-shaped region in eastern Antarctica.
A partial eclipse is seen within the much broader path of the Moon’s penumbral shadow that includes the southern Indian Ocean, the southern edge of Indonesia and all of Australia.

*** October 08, 2014 – TOTAL LUNAR ECLIPSE http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OHfigures/OH2014-Fig03.pdf
VISIBILITY – Americas & Western Africa
Penumbral Eclipse Begins: 08:15 UTC
Partial Eclipse Begins: 09:14 UTC
Total Eclipse Begins: 10:25 UTC
Greatest Eclipse: 10:54 UTC
Total Eclipse Ends: 11:24 UTC
Partial Eclipse Ends: 12:34 UTC
Penumbral Eclipse Ends: 13:33 UTC
This eclipse will be visible throughout the entire Pacific Ocean and most of the bordering countries (Or as least the Pacific side of those countries). Western United States will see the entire eclipse while Eastern United States and Western South America will see the Moon set during totality. New Zealand, Eastern Australia, Eastern Asia and all of Japan will see the entire event while Western Asia, Europe and Africa will once again miss the event unfortunately.
The two (2) Lunar Eclipses this year also begin what’s called “Tetrads” which is four (4) consecutive Total Lunar Eclipses. There are eight (8) Tetrads in the 21st century this one (2014/2015) is the second in the series with the next series beginning in 2032. http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OHtables/OH2014-Tab06.pdf

**October 23, 2014 – PARTIAL SOLAR ECLIPSE (Saros 153-9) http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OHfigures/OH2014-Fig04.pdf
VISIBILITY – Eastern Canada, United States, Yucatan Peninsula, Cuba & Eastern Russia.
Description by NASA/GSFC:
The final event of 2014 occurs at the Moon’s ascending node in southern Virgo. Although it is only a partial solar eclipse, it is of particular interest because the event is widely visible from Canada and the United States.
The penumbral shadow first touches Earth’s surface near the Kamchatka Peninsula in eastern Siberia at 19:37:33 UT. As the shadow travels east, much of North America will be treated to a partial eclipse. The eclipse magnitude from cities like Vancouver (0.658), San Francisco (0.504), Denver (0.556), and Toronto (0.443) will surely attract the media’s attention.
Greatest eclipse occurs at 21:44:31 UT in Canada’s Nunavut Territory near Prince of Wales Island where the eclipse in the horizon will have a magnitude of 0.811. At that time, the axis of the Moon’s shadow will pass about 675 km above Earth’s surface. A sunset eclipse will be visible from the eastern half of the USA and Canada (except for the far northeast). The partial eclipse ends when the penumbra leaves Earth at 23:51:40 UT.

*Goddard Space Flight Center Eclipse Data Site: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OH2014.html

*Eclipse Maps: http://eclipse-maps.com/Eclipse-Maps/Welcome.html

*Time And Date 10-Year Eclipse List: http://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/list.html

*Moon Giant SOLAR Eclipse Center: http://www.moongiant.com/Solar_Eclipse_Calendar.php

*Moon Giant LUNAR Eclipse Center: http://www.moongiant.com/Lunar_Eclipse_Calendar.php

*Mr. Eclipse Solar & Lunar Eclipse Page: http://www.mreclipse.com/Special/alert.html

*Moon Connection Eclipse Info Page: http://www.moonconnection.com/lunar_vs_solar.phtml

*US NAVY Eclipse Generator: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/SolarEclipses.php

4 Responses to 2014 Eclipses

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