CY CAMELOPARDALIS VIA W.I.S.E.
Photo Credit: NASA Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE): CLICK photo for larger size and see below for reference links and information.
High in the northern hemisphere in the constellation Camelopardalis, the Giraffe is where you will find this star; CY Camelopardalis or CY Cam for short. This star glowing red in this ultraviolet image is a relatively new star that after fusion and the birth of its stellar winds (radiation) cleared away much of its birth material in order to see the universe and alert the cosmos to its presence (metaphorically of course). The spherical cocoon as well as the surrounding material is glowing through ionization from CY Cam’s intense ultraviolet radiation.
According to the WISE team the material surrounding this star is composed of mostly polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon grains which are similar to soot. The green material in this image is much hotter than the red which shrouds CY Cam in a shell of metallic dust grains.
Also, if you look through the region, especially around the top left area you will see the region is dotted with red points. These are young stellar objects surrounded in thick dust clouds. These objects are pre-fusion and still in the accretion, heating and compression process. When they finally reach fusion they will, like CY Cam, come to life and blow away the dust cloud that surrounds them. What’s left will have a few options, perhaps all of the following. It will either drift out into the cosmos until through mutual gravitational influence it forms another molecular cloud or it can join an already formed molecular cloud to create even more new stars. The nearby “leftovers” that the star doesn’t pull into itself in the next several million years will itself accrete and possibly form planets. Thus, this photo, like all similar photos could be the very birth of new planetary systems and someday even new species of life…….
NAME: CY Camelopardalis, CY Cam, SAO 24271, BD+53 708, HD 24094. The nebula name is LBN 149.02-00.13 or Sharpless 2-205 (SH2-205). The small group of proto stars is known as NGC 1491.
WHAT IS IT?: Variable star within star forming region.
HOW FAR AWAY IS IT?: Approximately 3000 light years distant.
HOW BIG IS IT?: This photo is approximately 4×4 degrees on the night sky.
APPARENT MAGNITUDE?: Variable star between 8.43 to 8.52 (minor change).
WHERE IS IT? (General): Constellation Camelopardalia the Giraffe out on the outer edge of the Orion arm of the galaxy.
WHERE IS IT? (Exact RA/DEC J2000): RA 03d 52h 48.98m / DEC +53d 29’ 01.2”.
NASA WISE page for this object: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/WISE/multimedia/gallery/gallery-index.html
NASA JPL WISE image page: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/wise/images.cfm
AAVSO page for this star: http://www.aavso.org/vsx/index.php?view=detail.top&oid=4658
Galaxy Map for the SH2-205 region: http://galaxymap.org/cat/view/sharpless/205