Images credit & copyright: Roscosmos.
Launch Alert! Tuesday, November 28 at 05:41 UTC (12:41 EST) a Soyuz 2-1B will lift off from Site-1S at Russia’s new Vostochny Cosmodrome for the second launch in the new site’s history carrying the Russian M2-1 Meteor polar-orbiting satellite as well as a number of secondary payloads.
VOSTOCHNY COSMODROME “Eastern Spaceport”
The Vostochny Cosmodrome is set in Amur Oblast, Russia’s Far East near the border of China, about 3,400 mi. (5,500 km) east of Moscow and along the 51st parallel on the site of the former Soviet missile base, Svobodny 18.
This new spaceport is designed to reduce Russia’s dependency on the legendary Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Vostochny, along with the Plesetsk Cosmodrome (Russia’s “Heartland Cosmodrome”) in Northwestern Russia’s Mirny, Arkhalgelsk Oblast plans to reduce Baikonur’s workload to about 10 percent with roughly 45 percent each going to Vostochny and Plesetsk.
Currently the only pad at full launch status is the Soyuz pad at Site-1S but a handful of others are slated to be constructed on the 23,880 acres (9,663 hectares) to include human rated pads for Soyuz and Angara.
It’s certainly understandable that Russia would desire to limit their dependence on another nation’s land to fly to space as Baikonur is leased to Russia for roughly $115 million annually. However Baikonur is also a legend and I for one, hope that it’s preserved to some extent as a world heritage site. There is history there like no place else on Earth.
TsSKB-Progress, Soyuz 2-1B (Soyuz ST) Rocket (14A14 or 131KS): The TsSKB-Progress, Soyuz 2-1B rocket is a three stage, medium lift launch vehicle, whose history stretches all the way back to 1957. It stands 46.2 m. (152 ft.) tall with a diameter of 2.95 m (9 ft. 8 in) and 10.3 m. (34 ft.) at its base and currently launches from four different launch sites (Baikonur, Plesetsk, Vostochny and Kourou). The Soyuz 2-1B is very similar to previous Soyuz family launchers however with its upgraded control system (digital from analog) it has become more flexible than ever while the Soyuz 2 launcher family as a whole will eventually phase out the Soyuz U and FG launchers.
Payloads to Orbit (Soyuz 2-1B):
Total Liftoff Mass: 308,000 kg (679,023 lb.)
Low Earth Orbit (LEO): 7,800 kg (17,196 lb.)
Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO): 4,400 kg (9,700 lb.)
Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO): 3,250 kg. (7,170 lb.)
Medium Earth Orbit (MEO): 1,645 kg (3,627 lb.)
Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO): 1,440 kg. (3,170 lb.)
Payload Fairing: Soyuz’s payload fairing is a two-shell protective enclosure 11.4 m (37 f. 5 in.) in length, 4.11 m (13 f. 6 in.) in diameter and protects the spacecraft during launch and the turbulence of ascent before being jettisoned.
Fregat Upper Stage: The Fregat upper stage is 1.5 m (4 ft. 11 in.) in length with a diameter of 3.35 m (11 ft.). Its single S5.92 turbopump engine uses unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) as fuel and nitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) as an oxidizer, delivering 19.85 kN (4,600 lb.) of thrust in a vacuum and a burn time of 1,000 seconds and can be restarted 20 times in flight. The S5-92 engine has a chamber pressure of 6.85 to 9.8 MPa and a specific impulse of 331 s in a vacuum.
Second Stage (ST-B) (often called the 3rd Stage): ST-B stage is 6.75 m (22 ft.) in length with a diameter of 2.66 m (8 ft. 9 in.). Its single RD-0124 staged combustion, closed cycle, turbopump engine uses Rocket Propellant 1 (RP-1) as fuel and Liquid Oxygen (LOX) as an oxidizer, delivering 294 kN (67,000 lb.) of thrust in a vacuum with a burn time of 230 seconds. Chamber pressure in the RD-0124 is 162 bar and specific impulse is 359 s in a vacuum.
Boosters: Soyuz launch vehicles use 4 boosters that are each 19.6 m (64 ft.) in length with a diameter of 2.68 m (8ft. 10 in.). Each of their single RD-107A, four chamber liquid fueled, gas generator engines use Rocket Propellant 1 (RP-1) as fuel and Liquid Oxygen (LOX) as an oxidizer, delivering 838.5 kN (188,500 lb.) of thrust at sea level and 1,021 kN (229,529 lb.) of thrust in a vacuum with a burn time of 120 seconds. Chamber pressure in the RD-107A is 61.2 bar and specific impulse is 263 s at sea level and 320 s in a vacuum.
Core Stage (1st stage): Core stage is 27.8 m (90 ft.) in length with a diameter of 2.95 m (9 ft. 8 in.). It single RD-180A gas generator, turbopump engine uses Rocket Propellant 1 (RP-1) as fuel and Liquid Oxygen (LOX) as an oxidizer, delivering 792.5 kN (178,200 lb.) of thrust at sea level and 990 kN (222,560 lb.) of thrust in a vacuum with a burn time of 280 seconds. Chamber pressure on the RD-180A is 55.5 bar and specific impulse is 258 s at sea level and 321 s in a vacuum.
Roscosmos TV: http://www.tvroscosmos.ru/
Meteor 2M-1 Mission:
General 2017 Launch List (Wiki): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2017_in_spaceflight
Main Site: http://en.roscosmos.ru/
Russian Space Web: http://www.russianspaceweb.com/svobodny.html
S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation “RSC Energia”
Main Site: http://www.energia.ru/english/index.html
Progress Rocket Space Centre (TsSKB):
Soyuz Rocket & Spacecraft & Progress Spacecraft:
Soyuz Rocket Family: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_(rocket_family)
Soyuz 2 Roscosmos: http://en.roscosmos.ru/468/
Soyuz 2 Rocket: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz-2
Soyuz 2 Rocket: http://spaceflight101.com/spacerockets/soyuz-2-1b/
Soyuz Spacecraft: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_(spacecraft)
Soyuz Spacecraft Launch List: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Soyuz_missions
NASA Progress Spacecraft Page: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/structure/elements/progress.html
NASA About Progress Spacecraft: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/structure/elements/progress_about.html
Progress Spacecraft: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progress_(spacecraft)
Progress Spacecraft Launch List: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Progress_missions